ALJs are Arizona lawyers who have been members of the State Bar of Arizona for at least five years. Their job is to conduct fair and impartial hearings. They rule on procedural and legal issues that come up before and during the hearing. They listen to testimony presented at the hearing, review the evidence in the file, apply the applicable law, and issue written decisions on the issues presented to them. The powers and duties of an ALJ include the authority to administer oaths, rule upon admissibility of exhibits, regulate the course of the hearing, call and examine witnesses, adjourn hearings, and issue appropriate orders for protection of trade secrets.